One of the most widely used data sanitization standards by many authorities and organizations is “NIST 800-88” or “National Institute of Standards and Technology”. It is a U.S. government document that provides methodical guidance when it comes to erasing data from electronic storage media. The goal is to effectively sanitize media so that any and all data is irretrievable once the data or data storage device reaches end-of-life.
NIST 800-88 is widely known for its data sanitization categories of Clear, Purge and Destroy. And, it can be used with various types of electronic devices.
The objective is to be guidelines in managing a wide range of storage media, which is not only limited to government agencies or big organizations. And, for this reason, various agencies including private companies adhere to these guidelines to deal with the security management of information in the equipment after use or until its end-of-life such as computers, notebooks, HDDs, smartphones, tablets, tapes, USB, and many other storage devices.